Everything to know about STD testing and symptoms

The diagnosis of STD infection is done through tests from the collection of a blood sample. In several different countries, we have the laboratory tests such as the anti-HIV ELISA and rapid tests that detect antibodies to HIV in a time of less than 30 minutes.STD testing is done in a STD Clinic dedicated to this type of condition, offering all the support and respect from health workers.

From an epidemiological point of view, it can be said that the STD Testing diagnosis is crucial to controlling the condition.

– What is the STD Testingand how to do it?

Rapid STD Testings are performed from the collection of a drop of blood from the fingertip. The blood is placed in two testing devices, and to reach a result, the professional performing the test flow follows a scientifically determined. If the two devices have the same results, the diagnosis is already closed. But if there is a discrepancy between the results is done another test with a third party for confirmation. Thus, the result has the same reliability of conventional tests and there is no need to repeat laboratory.

This method allows for only half an hour, the patient do the test, know the result and receive the necessary counseling service. Distributed free of charge for public health care services, this rapid test is used in most of the actions is Knowing of Department DS, AIDS and Viral Hepatitis of the Ministry of Health, mainly due to its agility and practicality.

– Who should doSTD Testing

The STD test should not be done indiscriminately and at all times. It is best that anyone who has experienced a dangerous situation, such as having unprotected sex.

After STD infection, the immune system takes about one month to produce antibodies in sufficient quantities to be detected by the test. Because of this, the most advisable is that you take the exam after this period.

HIV can be transmitted:

  • Through unprotected sex (without a condom), anal, vaginal and oral sex;
  • By sharing needles and syringes contaminated;
  • From mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding;
  • For blood transfusion



We should be aware that HIV is not transmitted by kisses, touch, hug, handshake, sharing towels, cutlery, plates, sweat or tears. Therefore, every HIV-positive person can and should receive much care and attention whether or not they are in STD care. Find out more informations in this post.

– Why take the test?

Having a positive STD diagnosis early allows the patient to start your treatment at the right time and have a better quality of life. In addition, HIV-positive mothers can increase their chances of having children without HIV, if they are properly targeted and follow the recommended treatment during the prenatal, delivery and postpartum.

– Where do the test?

The tests to detect the HIV virus are carried out by the Unified Health System (SUS) confidential and free in Testing and Counseling Centers (CTA), which are units of the public. Private network of STD clinics and laboratories also perform these tests. On receiving the result, patients go through a counseling process, done carefully, in order to facilitate the interpretation of the results by the patient.

Related Posts: